Muscular Dystrophy in Children Duchenne

Muscular Dystrophy in Children Duchenne

What’s Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a muscle-weakening condition which, as time passes, leads to progressive disability.

The problem generally affects boys and evolves between the ages of 1 and three.

Symptoms

Symptoms of Duchenne muscular dystrophy include:

Muscles weakness in the hip and legs and upper arms (this may range between mild to severe)

Thinning of the muscles

Tightness of joints

Delayed advancement in a kid (with the problem). For instance: the child might not start to walk at the same age group as other children how old they are, but later.

Heart problems (in a few, however, not all cases)

Muscle pains and aches

Learning difficulties

Gradual curvature of the spine

Causes

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is due to having a faulty gene. This is often a inherited condition (i.e the gene abnormality has already been in the family members and offers been passed on). However, not absolutely all people who have Duchenne muscular dystrophy develop the problem because of having a genetic predisposition. Frequently, the gene abnormality will become just particular to them within a family group.

With Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the affected individual’s muscle fibres neglect to work because the human being gene which controls the protein in charge of muscle fibre creation/functionality is faulty for some reason. This then causes these symptoms to develop.

Diagnosis

To realize a confirmed analysis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a blood check will be completed. Also, an example of muscle tissue could be removed for tests (this is known as a biopsy). Where these checks prove inconclusive, your son or daughter may be described your neighborhood hospital for further checks (an MRI scan, CT scan and/or a upper body X-Ray).

Influence on your life

Kids with Duchenne muscular dystrophy will most likely need aid from a wheelchair from age twelve. Ahead of this they have difficulty standing, strolling and climbing stairs.

Treatment

Despite world-wide medical research, there is absolutely no treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy. However a variety of treatments can be found which are designed to help better manage the problem. These include:

Prescribed steroids – to keep up muscle strength.

Physical aids – to assist standing up, walking and general motion. Most parents choose callipers or leg splints for his or her child.

Physical therapy – this usually involves physiotherapy (where in fact the improved flexibility and general condition of your son or daughter’s muscles is definitely worked upon).

Surgery to the backbone – that is aimed towards correcting any curvature of the backbone which has developed while an associated condition of developing Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

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